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Is 14 a minor in Japan?


In this article, we will explore the legal definition of a minor in Japan and answer the question: is 14 years old considered a minor in Japan? We will examine the relevant laws and cultural context surrounding minors in Japan.

The definition of a minor in Japan

The Civil Code of Japan defines a minor as someone under the age of 20. This means that anyone aged 19 or younger is legally considered a minor and is subject to different laws and regulations than adults.

Japanese Snack Box

Juvenile law in Japan

Japan has a separate juvenile law system that applies to minors who commit crimes. This law aims to protect minors and provide them with rehabilitation and education instead of punishment.

The age of criminal responsibility in Japan

The age of criminal responsibility in Japan is 14 years old. This means that anyone aged 14 or older who commits a crime can be held criminally responsible and face legal consequences.

Child labor laws in Japan

Japan has strict child labor laws that prohibit children under the age of 15 from working. Children aged 15 to 17 can work, but they are subject to certain restrictions on working hours and types of work.

Age of consent in Japan

The age of consent in Japan is 13 years old. However, it is illegal for adults to engage in sexual activities with minors under the age of 18.

Legal drinking age in Japan

The legal drinking age in Japan is 20 years old. Minors under the age of 20 are prohibited from purchasing or consuming alcohol.

Legal smoking age in Japan

The legal smoking age in Japan is also 20 years old. Minors under the age of 20 are prohibited from purchasing or smoking tobacco products.

Cultural attitudes towards minors in Japan

In Japanese culture, children and minors are highly respected and protected. There is a strong emphasis on education, discipline, and respecting authority figures such as parents and teachers.

Child abuse laws in Japan

Japan has laws that protect children from abuse and neglect. These laws require adults to report any suspected cases of child abuse or neglect to the authorities.


In conclusion, the legal definition of a minor in Japan is anyone under the age of 20. While the age of criminal responsibility is 14 years old, there are strict laws and regulations that protect minors from harm and exploitation. Japanese culture values children and minors highly, emphasizing their education, discipline, and protection from harm.

Is 14 legal in Japan?

Although the penal code in Japan sets the legal age of consent at 13 years old, there are various other laws that prohibit lewd activities with minors and impose penalties for such behavior. The Child Welfare Law defines individuals under the age of 18 as children and includes provisions for criminal punishment for those who cause a child to engage in inappropriate activities.

How old is a minor in Japan?

In Japan, the beginning of adulthood was traditionally recognized as age 20, as outlined in a proclamation from 1876. However, as of April 1, 2022, the age of adulthood has been reduced to 18 due to a modification of the Civil Code.

How old is 14 in Japan?

A comparison was made between the age and grade structures in Japan and other countries. Japan has JHS 2-3 Grade and HS 1-2 Grade for ages 13-17, while the United States has 8th-11th Grade for the same age range. This information was last updated on January 25th, 2022.

Is 15 the legal age in Japan?

In Japan, the legal age of adulthood is currently 20 years old, but it was recently decided that it will be lowered to 18 years old in 2022 after long talks in the Diet. The age of 20 was set by a law that was established in 1896.

Can a 14 year old live alone in Japan?

Japan is generally viewed as a safe country where children are encouraged to be independent from a young age. This has been the case for some time now, as of December 6, 2019.

Can 14 year olds drive in Japan?

In Japan, individuals as young as 16 years old are eligible to obtain a license to operate a motorcycle or moped. However, to acquire a standard driver’s license, an individual must be at least 18 years old and pass the final exam. Furthermore, an 18-year-old is legally permitted to purchase a car.

It’s important to note that while Japan has laws and regulations in place to protect minors, there have been concerns about the enforcement of these laws. In recent years, there have been cases of child abuse and neglect that have raised questions about the effectiveness of the child protection system in Japan.

Additionally, there have been debates about whether the age of criminal responsibility should be raised from 14 years old to 16 or 18 years old. Some argue that 14 years old is too young to fully understand the consequences of their actions, while others argue that raising the age could lead to a lack of accountability for serious crimes committed by minors.

Overall, the laws and cultural attitudes towards minors in Japan reflect a strong emphasis on protecting and educating children. However, there are ongoing debates and concerns about the enforcement and effectiveness of these laws, as well as discussions about potential changes to them in the future.

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