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What is the retirement age for Japan?


Japan is one of the developed countries with a high life expectancy rate. As a result, there is a growing concern about the retirement age in Japan. The retirement age in Japan has been changing over time, and it is essential to understand the current situation.

History of Retirement Age in Japan

Retirement age in Japan has undergone several changes since the end of World War II. In 1947, the mandatory retirement age was set at 55 years for men and 50 years for women. In 1986, the mandatory retirement age was raised to 60 years for both genders. In 2013, the government increased the retirement age to 65 years.

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Current Retirement Age in Japan

The current retirement age in Japan is 65 years. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For instance, public servants and some employees in specific industries can retire at 60 years or earlier. Also, some employers set their retirement ages lower than the government’s standard.

Reasons for Increasing Retirement Age

The increase in life expectancy rate in Japan is one of the primary reasons why the government has been increasing the retirement age. The government wants to ensure that older people can continue working and contributing to society while also ensuring their financial sustainability.

Challenges Faced by Older Workers in Japan

Despite the increase in retirement age, older workers still face several challenges. One of the main challenges is age discrimination, where employers prefer younger workers over older ones. Also, older workers may face difficulty adapting to new technology or work processes.

Impact of Retirement Age on Social Security System

The increase in retirement age has significant impacts on the social security system in Japan. With more people working for longer periods, there is less pressure on social security funds, and older people can continue contributing to the system through taxes.

Retirement Benefits in Japan

In Japan, employees who retire receive a lump-sum payment called “severance pay.” They also receive a pension from the government or their employer. The amount of pension depends on several factors such as length of service and salary.

Alternatives to Retirement

Some older people in Japan choose not to retire but instead continue working on a part-time or freelance basis. This option allows them to continue earning income while also having more free time for other activities.

Retirement Age and Economic Growth

The retirement age has significant implications for economic growth in Japan. With an aging population and a shrinking workforce, it is essential for older people to continue contributing to the economy by working longer.

Retirement Age and Health

Research shows that working longer can have positive effects on health and well-being among older people. It provides social connections, mental stimulation, and a sense of purpose that can help prevent cognitive decline and other health problems.


In conclusion, the retirement age in Japan has been changing over time due to various factors such as life expectancy rate and economic sustainability. While there are still challenges faced by older workers, increasing the retirement age has significant benefits for society as a whole. It allows older people to continue contributing to the economy and society while also promoting their health and well-being.

Can you retire in Japan as a US citizen?

Japan is a beautiful country and a popular choice for Americans considering retirement abroad. However, obtaining residency in Japan can be challenging. Nevertheless, if you are able to secure residency, you can enjoy a wonderful retirement in Japan.

What age do Japanese workers retire?

Despite reaching the typical retirement age of 60 in Japan, Mr. Oonami could not afford to stop working. Throughout his career, he had only held temporary positions, leaving him with only a basic national pension of around 60,000 yen per month (roughly $477), which was insufficient to cover his daily expenses. This was reported on January 9, 2023.

What is the full retirement age in Japan?

The standard pension age for the Basic Old-Age Pension is 65, but it is possible to choose to start receiving pension payments at any time after turning 60. This policy is effective as of December 23, 2022.

Which country retirement age is lowest?

As of 2020, most European countries with available OECD data have a retirement age of 65 or older. However, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, and Slovenia have the lowest retirement ages among EU member states, with both men and women retiring at 62 years old. This information was last updated on January 23, 2023.

Can I collect my social security in Japan?

Individuals with Social Security credits in both the US and Japan may qualify for benefits from one or both countries. If a person meets the eligibility criteria for one country’s system, they will receive regular benefits from that country.

What country can a US citizen retire from?

Ranked from highest to lowest, the top ten countries to retire abroad are Portugal, Mexico, Panama, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Spain, Greece, France, Italy, and Thailand, as of February 24, 2023.

Future of Retirement Age in Japan

The future of retirement age in Japan is still uncertain. The government may continue to increase the retirement age to promote economic sustainability and ensure the financial stability of social security funds. However, there may also be challenges in implementing this policy, such as addressing age discrimination and ensuring that older workers have access to appropriate training and job opportunities.

International Comparison of Retirement Age

Japan’s retirement age is higher than many other countries, such as the United States and European countries, where the retirement age is typically 62-67 years. However, some countries, such as South Korea and China, are also increasing their retirement age due to similar demographic and economic challenges.

Retirement Age and Work-Life Balance

While increasing the retirement age can have benefits for society and individuals, it is also important to promote work-life balance for older workers. This includes providing flexible work arrangements, such as part-time or remote work options, and ensuring that older workers have access to healthcare and other support services.

Retirement Age and Gender Equality

The retirement age in Japan has historically been lower for women than for men. While the government has increased the retirement age for women in recent years, there is still a gender gap in employment opportunities and pension benefits. Addressing this gap is essential for promoting gender equality in Japan.


Overall, the retirement age in Japan is a complex issue with significant implications for individuals, society, and the economy. While increasing the retirement age can have benefits for economic sustainability and individual well-being, it is also essential to address challenges such as age discrimination and gender inequality. By promoting work-life balance and providing support for older workers, Japan can ensure that its aging population continues to contribute to society while also maintaining their health and quality of life.

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