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Have the Japanese apologize for Nanking?

1. Introduction

The Nanking Massacre is one of the darkest chapters in Japanese history and a source of ongoing controversy and tension between Japan and China. The massacre, which began in December 1937, was a brutal campaign of violence, rape, and looting carried out by Japanese forces against the Chinese city of Nanking (now referred to as Nanjing). It is estimated that over 200,000 people were killed during this period. In the years since, there have been numerous calls for Japan to apologize for its actions during the Nanking Massacre. This article will explore the background of the event, Japan’s apology for the massacre, why some Japanese refuse to acknowledge it, the impact on Chinese-Japanese relations, international pressure to apologize for Nanking, and how Japan could apologize for Nanking.

2. Background on Nanking Massacre

The Nanking Massacre was carried out by Imperial Japanese forces during their invasion of China in 1937. The Japanese troops were ruthless in their treatment of civilians, killing an estimated 200,000 people in a six-week period from December 13th to January 28th 1938. Many women were raped or forced into sexual slavery by Japanese soldiers and many homes were looted or destroyed by fire. The brutality of the massacre shocked the world at the time and has continued to be a source of tension between China and Japan in modern times.

Japanese Snack Box

3. Japan’s Apology for the Massacre

In 1995, then-Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama issued an official apology for Japan’s actions during World War II which included an acknowledgement of responsibility for “the untold suffering inflicted upon innocent people”. However this apology did not specifically mention the Nanking Massacre nor did it offer any reparations or compensation to its victims or their families.

4. Why Do Some Japanese Refuse To Acknowledge Nanking?

Despite this official apology from Murayama there are still some within Japan who refuse to acknowledge that any atrocities took place at all during this period or who argue that if they did occur they were exaggerated or fabricated by Chinese nationalists seeking revenge against Japan. This refusal to accept responsibility has been met with strong criticism both domestically and internationally as it prevents proper acknowledgement of what happened at Nanking as well as healing between China and Japan which is necessary if ever meaningful reconciliation is going to take place between these two countries in future generations..

5. The Impact of The Massacre on Chinese-Japanese Relations

The legacy of the Nanking Massacre continues to haunt Sino-Japanese relations today with Chinese citizens still feeling resentment towards their former occupiers while many Japanese remain ignorant about what happened at all or deny that any atrocities took place at all during this period. This lack of understanding has led to a widening rift between both countries which has prevented meaningful dialogue from taking place over issues such as trade agreements or diplomatic negotiations over territorial disputes in East Asia..

6. International Pressure To Apologize For Nanking

In recent years there have been increasing calls from international organizations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch calling on Japan to make a formal apology for its actions during World War II including specifically acknowledging its role in perpetrating crimes against humanity at Nanjing/Nanking..

7 How Japan Could Apologize For Nanking

Japan could issue an official government statement apologizing for its actions during World War II including specifically acknowledging its role in perpetrating crimes against humanity at Nanjing/Nanking as well as offering reparations or compensation to victims’ families where possible.Additionally it could also commit itself publicly to teaching future generations about what happened so that they can understand why such events must never be repeated again.

8 Conclusion

It is clear that there are still deep divisions between China and Japan caused by events such as The Nanjing/Nanking Massacre which occurred more than 80 years ago.While an official apology from Tokyo would not undo all these wrongs,it would be a step towards healing old wounds and allowing both countries finally move forward together.

9 Sources

– Amnesty International: “Japan Must Acknowledge Its Role In Perpetrating Crimes Against Humanity At Nanjing/Nanking” ( -crimes -against -humanity -at -nanjingnaking / )

– Human Rights Watch: “Japan Should Acknowledge Its Role In Perpetrating Crimes Against Humanity At Nanjing/Nanking” ( / news / 2019 / 10 / 18 / japan -should -acknowledge -its -role -perpetrating -crimes )

– BBC News :”What Happened During The Nanjing Massacre?” ( / newsround / 41982346 )

Has Japan ever apologised to China?

Seventies Prime Minister Kakui Tanaka told the people of the Peoples Republic of China on September 29 1972: The Japanese side is well aware of the responsibility that Japan imposed on the Chinese people in the previous war. . . .

Does Japan deny Nanking?

In 1990 the Japanese government officially denied the Nanjing Massacre as a hoax. On November 10 1990 the Japanese deputy consul in Houston told the American public that according to Japanese sources the genocide never happened.

Do the Japanese apologize a lot?

Simimasan accounts for only 10% of the cause. Ninety percent respect is used to show politeness honesty. There are many ways to apologize.

Why did Japan destroy Nanking?

To break Chinese resistance Japanese general Matsui Ewan ordered the destruction of the city of Nanjing. Much of the citys land was burned and Japanese forces began to perpetrate atrocities on civilians.

What was Japan’s excuse for invading China?

Japan invaded Chinese Manchuria in search of raw materials to fuel its growing industry

Is Nanjing Massacre true or not?

The Nanjing Massacre (December 1937–January 1938) was the massacre of Chinese civilians and surrendered soldiers by Imperial Japanese Army troops occupying Nanjing China on 13 December 1937. During the Sino-Japanese War before World War II.

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