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How long does it take to get Japanese citizenship by marriage?

The Process of Gaining Japanese Citizenship by Marriage

Japan is a country that has a unique culture and history, making it an attractive destination for many people. One of the ways to become a citizen of Japan is through marriage. Here is a comprehensive guide on how long it takes to get Japanese citizenship by marriage.

1. Legal Requirements for Japanese Citizenship

Japan has specific legal requirements for citizenship. Generally, you must be at least 20 years old, have lived in Japan for at least five years, have no criminal record, and be able to support yourself financially. If you meet these requirements, you can apply for citizenship.

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2. Marrying a Japanese Citizen

If you are not a Japanese citizen but plan to marry one, the process can take several months. You will need to obtain a Certificate of Eligibility (COE) from the Japanese Immigration Bureau before you can apply for a visa to enter Japan.

3. Obtaining a Certificate of Eligibility

To obtain a COE, your Japanese spouse must first apply to the local municipal office and provide documentation that proves they are Japanese citizens. You will need to provide additional documents such as your birth certificate, passport, and evidence of your income.

4. Applying for a Spouse Visa

Once you have received the COE, you may apply for a spouse visa at the Japanese embassy or consulate in your home country. The processing time for this visa can take up to several months.

5. Moving to Japan

After receiving your spouse visa, you can move to Japan and live with your Japanese spouse. During this time, you will need to register your marriage with the local municipal office and apply for residency.

6. Living in Japan for Three Years

To apply for citizenship, you must have lived in Japan for at least three years on a spouse visa or other legal residency status.

7. Applying for Permanent Residency

Before applying for citizenship, you may choose to apply for permanent residency in Japan. This allows you to live and work in Japan indefinitely without having to renew your visa every few years.

8. Meeting Language Requirements

You must be able to speak Japanese fluently and understand basic written Japanese to pass the citizenship exam.

9. Taking the Citizenship Exam

The citizenship exam assesses your knowledge of Japanese culture, history, and politics. You must pass this exam before applying for citizenship.

10. Applying for Citizenship

You can apply for citizenship after living in Japan for at least three years and passing the citizenship exam. You will need to provide documentation such as your passport, birth certificate, and proof of income.

11. Waiting Period

The processing time for citizenship applications varies depending on the city or prefecture where you apply. Generally, it can take six months to one year or longer.

12. Receiving Your Citizenship

If your application is approved, you will receive your Certificate of Naturalization and be officially recognized as a Japanese citizen.

Do you get a Japanese citizenship if you marry a Japanese?

To apply for naturalization in Japan, you need to submit necessary documents to the Legal Affairs Bureau in your area. If you are married to a Japanese citizen or were born in Japan, the requirements for naturalization are less strict. Once your application is approved, your new family registry is created.

Does marrying a Japanese citizen grant citizenship?

Marrying a Japanese citizen does not guarantee automatic Japanese citizenship for a foreign national. The standard naturalization process must be followed to obtain Japanese citizenship.

Do you get permanent residency if you marry a Japanese?

Typically, individuals must stay in Japan for 10 years to apply for this visa. However, those who are married to a Japanese national or a permanent residency visa holder for more than 3 years and have a certified stay of 3 years can apply for a “Permanent residency” visa.

How fast can you get Japanese citizenship?

What are the requirements for becoming a naturalized citizen? According to Article 5 of the Japanese Nationality Act, in order to be eligible for naturalization, the individual must have lived in Japan continuously for at least five years and maintained a valid status of residence throughout that time.

Can a U.S. citizen have dual citizenship with Japan?

American law does not mandate that individuals born with dual citizenship must choose one nationality over the other later in life. Opting for Japanese citizenship does not impact one’s status as an American citizen.

What happens when you marry a Japanese?

If a person gets married and wants to travel to Japan, their spouse will need to obtain a visa. If their purpose is to reside in Japan as the spouse of a Japanese national, they will need a Certificate of Eligibility to apply for the visa.

13. Benefits of Japanese Citizenship

As a Japanese citizen, you will have access to various benefits, such as the ability to vote in elections and receive government support. You will also be able to travel freely with a Japanese passport and work in Japan without needing a visa.

14. Dual Citizenship

Japan does not allow dual citizenship, meaning if you become a Japanese citizen, you must renounce your previous citizenship. However, some countries allow their citizens to hold dual citizenship with Japan, so it is important to check with your home country’s embassy before applying for Japanese citizenship.

15. Conclusion

Obtaining Japanese citizenship by marriage can be a lengthy process that requires patience and commitment. However, the benefits of becoming a Japanese citizen can be significant and provide numerous opportunities for personal and professional growth. It is essential to familiarize yourself with the legal requirements and follow the proper procedures to ensure a successful application process.

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