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What do Japan do with homeless?


Japan is known for its efficiency, cleanliness, and orderliness. However, like any other country, it still has its fair share of social issues. One such problem is homelessness. The number of homeless people in Japan has been steadily increasing over the years. In this article, we will explore what Japan does to address homelessness and provide some insights into the country’s social welfare system.

Causes of Homelessness in Japan

Homelessness in Japan can be attributed to several factors such as unemployment, poverty, mental illness, and family breakdown. The economic recession in the 1990s also contributed to the rise in homelessness, and many people lost their jobs and homes during this period. Addiction to drugs and alcohol is also a significant factor that leads to homelessness in Japan.

Japanese Snack Box

Japanese Government’s Response to Homelessness

The Japanese government has a responsibility to address homelessness in the country. It has implemented various policies to help homeless people, such as providing temporary housing and financial assistance. The Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) is responsible for developing policies and programs that address homelessness.

Provision of Housing

One approach that the Japanese government takes in addressing homelessness is providing temporary housing for homeless people. The Temporary Housing Assistance Program provides financial assistance for people who cannot afford housing. The government also provides public housing for low-income families and individuals.

Social Welfare System

Japan has a well-established social welfare system that provides support for its citizens. The system includes healthcare, pensions, and other benefits. The government also provides financial assistance to low-income families through various programs.

Non-Governmental Organizations Helping Homeless People

Several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are working towards helping homeless people in Japan. These organizations provide food, clothing, medical care, and other essential services to homeless individuals. Some NGOs also provide shelter for homeless people.

Mental Health Support

Many homeless people in Japan suffer from mental health problems. The government provides mental health support through its community mental health centers. These centers provide counseling and therapy services for people with mental health problems.

Employment Support

The Japanese government provides employment support for homeless people through its job placement programs. These programs help homeless individuals find jobs and provide training and education programs to improve their employability.

Public Perception of Homelessness

The public perception of homelessness in Japan is generally negative. Many people view homelessness as a result of personal failure or laziness rather than external factors like poverty or mental illness. This negative perception makes it difficult for homeless individuals to access support from the community.

Challenges Faced by Homeless People

Homeless people in Japan face several challenges such as lack of access to basic necessities like shelter, food, and medical care. They also face discrimination from society which makes it difficult for them to reintegrate into the community.

Efforts by Local Governments

Some local governments in Japan have taken initiatives to address homelessness in their areas. For example, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has implemented a program that provides emergency housing for homeless people during the winter months.


Homelessness is a complex issue that requires a multi-faceted approach to address it effectively. The Japanese government’s efforts to provide temporary housing, financial assistance, healthcare support, and employment opportunities are commendable steps towards addressing this issue. However, there is still more work that needs to be done to eliminate homelessness in Japan permanently. It requires a collective effort from both the government and civil society organizations to ensure that everyone has access to basic necessities like shelter, food, and medical care regardless of their socioeconomic status.

How does Japan deal with homelessness?

Housing in Japan can be very expensive, making it difficult for low-income individuals to find affordable places to live. To cope with this issue, some Japanese people who are experiencing poverty reside in areas referred to as “doya’gai” or “flop house towns,” which are inexpensive male-only districts, aside from homeless shelters.

Does Japan have homeless issues?

Homelessness is a social problem in Japan that mainly affects older men. This issue reached its highest point in the 1990s due to the collapse of the Japanese asset price bubble, but has since decreased.

Which country handles homelessness the best?

In summary, even though it may not have the least number of homeless people or the lowest homelessness rate globally, Finland is the nation that manages homelessness most effectively.

What countries have 0 homelessness?

It is known for certain that Japan has the lowest rate of homelessness in the world, with approximately 0% of the population being homeless.

What country has the lowest homeless?

Japan has the world’s lowest rate of homelessness, with Thailand, Switzerland, and Costa Rica following closely behind. This information was last reported on September 21, 2022.

How does China deal with homeless?

In 2014, the Ministry of Civil Affairs reported that China had around 2,000 shelters and 20,000 social workers to help roughly 3 million homeless individuals. From 2017 to 2019, the Guangdong provincial government aided 5,388 homeless people in reconnecting with their families in other parts of the country.

Another crucial factor that needs to be addressed is the stigma surrounding homelessness in Japan. Many homeless individuals face discrimination and social exclusion, which can make it difficult for them to access support from the community. Therefore, it is essential to educate the public about the root causes of homelessness and promote empathy and understanding towards homeless individuals.

Furthermore, addressing homelessness requires a long-term approach that focuses on preventing homelessness in the first place. This can be achieved by implementing policies that address poverty, unemployment, mental illness, and addiction. Providing affordable housing, education, and job opportunities can go a long way in preventing homelessness.

Overall, addressing homelessness requires a collective effort from various stakeholders in society. The Japanese government, NGOs, local communities, and individuals all have a role to play in eliminating homelessness in Japan. By working together, we can create a society that is inclusive and supportive of all its citizens, regardless of their socioeconomic status.

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