free website hit counter

Why is it so hard to learn Japanese?


Learning a new language can be challenging, but why is it so hard to learn Japanese? The Japanese language has unique features that make it difficult for learners to master. In this article, we will explore the reasons why learning Japanese can be a daunting task and what learners can do to overcome these challenges.

The Writing System

One of the most challenging aspects of learning Japanese is its writing system. It uses three scripts: kanji, hiragana, and katakana. Kanji is a set of Chinese characters used in the Japanese language, and there are over 2,000 commonly used characters. Hiragana and katakana are syllabic scripts used for writing Japanese words. Learning all three scripts takes time and effort.

Japanese Snack Box


Japanese pronunciation can also pose difficulties for learners. The language has distinct vowel sounds, and some consonants are pronounced differently from English. Moreover, pitch accent plays an essential role in Japanese pronunciation, where different pitch patterns can change the meaning of a word.


Japanese vocabulary can be challenging for learners because it differs significantly from English. To make matters worse, many words have multiple meanings depending on their context. Additionally, Japanese has many loanwords from English and other languages, but their pronunciation and usage can be different from the original language.


Japanese grammar is another hurdle for learners to overcome. The sentence structure is different from English, with the verb coming at the end of the sentence. There are also various particles that indicate the function of a word in a sentence. Moreover, Japanese has many honorifics and polite expressions that depend on the social relationship between speakers.

Cultural Context

To understand Japanese fully, learners need to understand its cultural context. Japanese culture influences language use in various ways, such as the use of honorifics and expressions that reflect social hierarchies. Additionally, Japanese language use can differ depending on the situation, such as formal or informal settings.

Language Immersion

The best way to learn a language is through immersion, but it can be challenging for learners of Japanese. Compared to English-speaking countries, Japan has fewer opportunities for language immersion, and Japanese people may switch to English when speaking to foreigners. Moreover, Japanese people often use polite language with foreigners, which can be confusing for learners.

Lack of Motivation

Learning Japanese requires dedication and perseverance, and some learners may struggle to stay motivated. Without a clear goal or interest in Japanese culture, learners may find it challenging to continue their studies. Additionally, Japanese is not a widely spoken language globally compared to other languages like Spanish or Mandarin.

Learning Material

The quality of learning materials can also affect how hard it is to learn Japanese. Some textbooks and courses are outdated or do not cover essential aspects of the language. Moreover, learners may struggle to find materials that fit their learning style.

Study Time

Learning a language takes time and effort, and many learners may find it hard to dedicate enough time to studying. Mastering Japanese requires regular practice, including speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Without sufficient study time, learners may struggle to make progress.

Teacher Quality

The quality of the teacher can also affect how hard it is to learn Japanese. An inexperienced or unqualified teacher may not provide adequate support or guidance for learners. Moreover, some teachers may not have experience working with non-native speakers or understanding their unique challenges.


Learning Japanese can be a challenging but rewarding experience. The language’s unique features, such as its writing system, pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar, require time and effort to master. Additionally, understanding Japanese culture and finding appropriate learning materials and study time are essential for success. With dedication and perseverance, learners can overcome these challenges and achieve their language goals.

Is Japanese the hardest language to learn?

Based on data from the U.S. Foreign Services Institute, Japanese is considered the most challenging language for native English speakers to learn. The difficulty of a language is determined by how long it takes to learn, with the easiest language taking around 23-24 weeks and the hardest taking around 88 weeks.

Why does it take so long to learn Japanese?

For English speakers, Japanese is considered to be one of the most challenging languages to learn due to its dissimilar structure. It typically requires around 88 weeks or 2200 hours of study to achieve fluency, but there are helpful tips and tools available to accelerate the learning process, as outlined in this article.

How long does it take to learn Japanese?

The US Department of State claims that Japanese is a difficult language for English speakers to learn because its structure differs greatly from English. Achieving fluency in Japanese requires a significant investment of time and effort, with an estimated 88 weeks of learning or 2200 hours needed to reach fluency.

Is 1 year enough to learn Japanese?

By dedicating a certain amount of time each day to study and practicing alone, such as speaking practice over Skype, listening to JapanesePod101 podcasts, reading and writing in the writing systems, and actively using kanji, you can achieve an intermediate level of Japanese within a period of 1 to 3 years.

Can Japanese be self taught?

Learning Japanese independently is completely achievable! All you need is an internet connection and a strong motivation to learn, and you can begin your studies immediately.

Is Japanese harder or Korean harder?

Korean differs from other East-Asian languages in that it isn’t tonal, so the pronunciation of a word won’t affect its meaning. This factor makes Korean a simpler language to learn than Japanese.


Technology can be a double-edged sword when it comes to learning Japanese. On the one hand, there are various language learning apps and websites that can aid learners in their studies. However, relying solely on technology may not be enough. Face-to-face interaction with native speakers or a qualified teacher can provide learners with valuable feedback and support.

Language Exchange

One way to practice Japanese and immerse oneself in the language is through language exchange programs. These programs connect learners with native Japanese speakers who want to practice their English or another language. Language exchange provides an opportunity for learners to practice their speaking and listening skills while also developing cultural understanding.

Travel and Study Abroad

Traveling to Japan or studying abroad is an excellent way for learners to immerse themselves in the language and culture. Living in Japan provides learners with daily exposure to the language, allowing them to practice their skills in real-life situations. Additionally, studying abroad can provide learners with a structured learning environment and access to experienced teachers.

Community Support

Joining a community of Japanese learners or speakers can provide learners with support and motivation. Online forums, social media groups, or local meetups can connect learners with others who share their interests and struggles. Learners can exchange tips, resources, and experiences, creating a sense of community.

Individual Learning Style

Everyone has a unique learning style, and what works for one learner may not work for another. Some learners may benefit from visual aids like videos or diagrams, while others may prefer audio materials like podcasts or music. Understanding one’s learning style can help learners find appropriate materials and study strategies that work for them.


Learning Japanese is not easy, but persistence is key. Learners should set achievable goals and celebrate their progress along the way. It’s essential to remember that language learning is a journey, and mistakes and setbacks are part of the process. With perseverance and a positive attitude, learners can overcome the challenges of learning Japanese and achieve their language goals.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.