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Do Japanese people take a bath every day?


Japanese culture is well-known for its cleanliness and hygiene practices, including their love of baths. However, there is a common misconception that all Japanese people take a bath every day. In this article, we will explore the truth behind this myth and delve into the reasons why bathing is an important aspect of Japanese culture.

Historical Background

Bathing has always played a significant role in Japanese culture, dating back to the Nara period (710-794). Initially, people used communal baths called ‘sento’ or public bathhouses. The popularity of these bathhouses declined in the 20th century due to modernization and the installation of private baths in homes. Today, most Japanese homes have a separate room dedicated to bathing known as the ‘ofuro.’

Japanese Snack Box

Ofuro Culture

The ofuro is an essential part of Japanese life and is used for relaxation, cleansing, and healing purposes. It is customary to wash yourself before entering the bath to keep the water clean. The water temperature in an ofuro is usually around 40 degrees Celsius and can be customized according to personal preference. Many Japanese people enjoy soaking in the bath for long periods, often accompanied by a book or music.

Bathing Frequency

Contrary to popular belief, not all Japanese people bathe every day. Factors such as personal preference and lifestyle choices play a significant role in determining how often one takes a bath. For example, those who engage in physically demanding jobs may prefer to bathe daily, while others may choose to bathe every other day.

Seasonal Changes

The frequency of bathing also changes with the seasons in Japan. During summer when temperatures are high and humidity levels are unbearable, people tend to bathe more frequently to cool their bodies down. On the other hand, during winter when temperatures drop below freezing, people tend to take shorter and hotter baths to keep themselves warm.

Traditional Bathing Practices

Japanese people take pride in their traditional bathing practices, including the use of bath salts, oils, and herbs. These substances are believed to have therapeutic benefits such as improving blood circulation, reducing stress and fatigue, and promoting better sleep.

Bathing Etiquette

Bathing etiquette is an essential aspect of Japanese culture. It is customary to wash yourself thoroughly before entering the bath to keep the water clean. Also, it is considered rude to splash or make noise in the bath and to leave the bathroom without drying yourself off properly.

Bathing Culture in Modern Japan

In modern Japan, the frequency of bathing has decreased due to busy lifestyles and the availability of other alternatives such as showers. However, the love for baths remains strong among Japanese people, with many choosing to visit onsens or hot springs for a relaxing soak.

Hygiene Standards

Japanese people have high hygiene standards, and cleanliness is deeply ingrained in their culture. Bathing is not just about relaxing but also about maintaining personal hygiene. It is essential to keep oneself clean to prevent the spread of germs and disease.

The Role of Bathing in Society

Bathing has a significant role in Japanese society beyond just personal hygiene. It is seen as a social activity that brings family members together and strengthens relationships. Many Japanese families enjoy bathing together in a shared ofuro.


In conclusion, while it is true that bathing holds great significance in Japanese culture, not all Japanese people bathe every day. The frequency of bathing varies according to personal preference and lifestyle factors. However, it is undeniable that bathing plays an essential role in maintaining personal hygiene, promoting relaxation, and strengthening social bonds.

Why do Japanese people take baths everyday?

The practice of bathing originated from Buddhism and Shintoism, as people recognized the therapeutic and purifying qualities of baths and emphasized their significance as part of their religious practices. Public bathing in Japan has its roots in the charitable efforts of Empress Kōmyō during the Heian period, who provided free baths to those in need at temples.

Do Japanese always take a bath?

In Japan, it is customary for most individuals to take a bath on a daily basis, although some opt for a shower to conserve time and water. Nonetheless, in other parts of the world, taking a brief shower is more typical than soaking in a bath.

What is the bathing routine in Japan?

When taking a Japanese-style bath, it is customary to start by rinsing your body outside of the bath using a shower or washbowl. Once clean, you can then enter the tub, which is solely for soaking purposes. The water in the bath is typically quite warm, ranging from 40 to 43 degrees Celsius.

How often do Japanese change bath water?

Water can be reused for days depending on its purpose. In households with multiple family members taking daily baths, the water may need to be refilled once or twice a week, although this varies depending on the household and some may reuse the same water for longer periods of time.

Do Japanese people shower sitting down?

It is customary for individuals to sit on chairs before entering public baths or hot springs. As a result, these chairs are typically available for use. The key priority is to maintain cleanliness and organization throughout the bathing area.

How often do Japanese people wash their hair?

Since Japanese people often bathe and wash their hair on a daily basis, it is important for them to properly maintain their hair. Unfortunately, many modern shampoos contain ingredients like sulfates that can strip the hair of its natural oils.

Additionally, the ofuro serves as a place of contemplation and reflection for many Japanese people. It is a sacred space where they can unwind and detach themselves from the stresses of everyday life. The calming effect of the warm water and the peaceful ambiance of the bathroom makes it an ideal place for meditation and introspection.

Moreover, bathing in Japan is not just limited to private homes and public bathhouses. There are also natural hot springs called onsens, which are popular tourist destinations. These onsens are known for their therapeutic properties and are believed to have healing powers. Many Japanese people visit these onsens to relax, rejuvenate, and enjoy the scenic beauty of the surrounding area.

Furthermore, bathing has also influenced Japanese fashion and beauty trends. Many Japanese skincare products incorporate the benefits of traditional bath ingredients such as green tea, sake, and rice bran. Additionally, the popularity of Japanese bathing culture has also led to the creation of unique bath accessories such as bath salts, bath bombs, and bath brushes.

In conclusion, while bathing culture in Japan has evolved over time, its importance remains deeply ingrained in Japanese society. From traditional practices to modern trends, bathing serves as an integral aspect of Japanese life. Its significance extends beyond just personal hygiene and relaxation but also encompasses social bonding, spiritual wellbeing, and beauty care.

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