free website hit counter

What grades are 14 year olds in Japan?


Japan’s education system is regarded as one of the best in the world. It is highly structured and places a strong emphasis on academic achievement. However, for those unfamiliar with Japanese schooling, it can be confusing to understand what grade level a 14-year-old would be in. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Japanese education system and clarify what grades 14-year-olds typically attend.

Overview of the Japanese Education System

The Japanese education system comprises six years of elementary school, three years of junior high school, and three years of high school. Compulsory education is from six to fifteen years old. Education in Japan is highly structured and challenging, with a focus on exam results and academic success.

Japanese Snack Box

Elementary School

Elementary school in Japan is compulsory for six years, from age six to twelve. The curriculum focuses on basic education, such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. Students also learn Japanese language and culture, social studies, science, physical education, music, and art.

Junior High School

After completing elementary school, students attend three years of junior high school from age twelve to fifteen. The curriculum includes Japanese language and literature, social studies, mathematics, science, health and physical education, music, fine arts, homemaking, industrial arts and foreign languages (usually English).

High School

High school in Japan is divided into two types: general schools or vocational schools. General high schools offer a broad range of subjects whereas vocational schools focus on specific career paths. Students attend high school from age fifteen to eighteen.

Grades for 14-Year-Olds in Japan

Based on the typical age range for each level of schooling in Japan, 14-year-olds would be attending their second year of junior high school.

Curriculum for Second Year Junior High School Students

The curriculum for second-year junior high school students includes Japanese language and literature, social studies, mathematics, science (physics, chemistry and biology), health and physical education, music appreciation and art appreciation.

Differences between Japanese and Western Education Systems

The Japanese education system differs significantly from Western education systems. In Japan, there is a strong emphasis on exam results and academic success. Additionally, students are expected to prioritize their studies over extracurricular activities or hobbies.

Challenges Faced by Japanese Students

The pressure to succeed academically can have negative impacts on Japanese students’ mental health. Issues such as school refusal (tōkōkyohi) and bullying (ijime) are common in Japanese schools.

The Importance of Education in Japan

In Japan, education is highly valued as a means to achieve success in life. It is seen as a stepping stone to secure employment at reputable companies or universities.


In conclusion, 14-year-old students in Japan would typically be attending their second year of junior high school. The Japanese education system is highly structured and challenging but produces some of the most successful students globally. Nevertheless, it’s essential to recognize that this success comes at a cost to the mental health of many students.

What grade is 15 years old in Japan?

In Japan, education typically includes Shōgakkō or elementary school for children ages 6 to 12, followed by Chūgakkō or middle school for ages 12 to 15, and Kōkō or high school for ages 15 to 18. After high school, students can attend Daigaku or university, which typically lasts 2 to 4 years, or Senmongakkō or vocational school.

Is there 9th grade in Japan?

In Japan, secondary education is divided into two parts: junior high schools for grades seven to nine, and senior high schools for grades ten to twelve. Senior high schools are also known as kōtōgakkō or simply kōkō.

How old are middle schoolers Japan?

In Japan, students attend primary school from ages 6 to 12, middle school from ages 12 to 15, and high school from ages 15 to 18. After high school, students can choose to attend university or a vocational school, which typically takes two to four years.

What age do Japanese go to grade school?

Children have the choice to attend kindergarten from ages 3 to 5 before starting elementary school at age 6. They must complete 9 years of compulsory education, including 6 years of elementary school and 3 years of lower secondary school.

What year is a 14 year old in Japan?

A comparison of age and grade structures in Japan and other countries shows that in Japan, students aged 12-13 are in their first year of junior high school (JHS), while in the UK they are in Year 8. In Japan, students aged 13-14 are in their second year of JHS, while in the UK they are in Year 9. Students aged 14-15 are in their third year of JHS in Japan, while in the UK they are in Year 10. Finally, students aged 15-16 are in their first year of high school (HS) in Japan, while in the UK they are in Year 11.

What is the legal age in Japan?

In Japan, the legal age is 20 years old, but as of April 2022, the voting age has been lowered to 18 years old. This change has given younger adults new rights and responsibilities related to living in society.

While the Japanese education system is highly respected globally, it has faced criticism for its emphasis on rote learning and memorization. Critics argue that this approach does not encourage critical thinking or creativity. However, in recent years, there has been a push to incorporate more innovative and experiential learning methods into the education system.

Additionally, the Japanese government has recognized the importance of English language proficiency in a globalized world and has made efforts to improve English education in schools. Many schools now offer English classes starting from elementary school, and there are programs such as the Japan Exchange and Teaching (JET) Program that bring English-speaking foreigners to assist with language education in schools.

Overall, while the Japanese education system may have its challenges and criticisms, it remains one of the most impressive systems globally. Its focus on academic success and discipline has produced some of the most successful individuals in various fields. However, as the world continues to change rapidly, it’s essential to adapt and incorporate new approaches to education that foster creativity, critical thinking, and cross-cultural understanding.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Ads Blocker Image Powered by Code Help Pro

Ads Blocker Detected!!!

We have detected that you are using extensions to block ads. Please support us by disabling these ads blocker.