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What should I learn first if I want to learn Japanese?


Learning a new language can be an exciting and rewarding experience, and Japanese, with its unique writing system and cultural significance, is no exception. However, for beginners, the task of learning Japanese can seem daunting. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to what you should learn first if you want to learn Japanese.

The Japanese Writing System

One of the most challenging aspects of learning Japanese is mastering the writing system. Unlike English, which uses the Roman alphabet, Japanese has three writing systems: Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji. Learning Hiragana and Katakana is essential as they are the foundation of the language, while Kanji consists of Chinese characters that are used to represent words and ideas.

Japanese Snack Box


Japanese pronunciation can be tricky for beginners, but it is crucial to get it right from the start. Japanese has five vowel sounds and a relatively simple consonant system. Paying attention to pitch accent is also essential as it can change the meaning of words.

Basic Grammar

Grammar is the backbone of any language, and Japanese is no exception. Understanding basic grammar concepts such as sentence structure, particles, and verb conjugation is essential to form coherent sentences.

Common Phrases

Learning common phrases such as greetings, introductions, and expressions of gratitude is an excellent way to start your journey into learning Japanese. These phrases will help you communicate with native speakers and show that you are making an effort to learn their language.


Building a strong vocabulary is crucial when learning any language. Start by learning basic nouns such as numbers, colors, days of the week, and food items. Gradually build up your vocabulary by learning new words and phrases that are relevant to your interests or profession.

Reading and Writing

Once you have mastered the basics of the Japanese writing system, it is time to start reading and writing in Japanese. Start with simple texts such as children’s books and gradually work your way up to more complex materials.

Listening and Speaking

Improving your listening comprehension and speaking skills is essential if you want to become proficient in Japanese. Practice listening to Japanese podcasts, watching Japanese TV shows, and speaking with native speakers.

Cultural Awareness

Learning a language is not just about mastering grammar and vocabulary; it also involves understanding the cultural context in which the language is spoken. Learning about Japanese culture, customs, and traditions will help you gain a deeper appreciation for the language.

Language Learning Resources

There are many resources available for learning Japanese, from textbooks to online courses to language exchange programs. Researching different resources and finding ones that work best for you is essential in achieving your language learning goals.

Consistency and Practice

Learning a language takes time and effort. Consistency is key when it comes to language learning. Set aside dedicated time each day or week to practice your skills, whether it be reading, writing, listening, or speaking.


Learning a new language can be challenging but also incredibly rewarding. Starting with the basics such as the writing system, pronunciation, grammar, common phrases, vocabulary, and gradually building up your skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking is essential. Remember to also immerse yourself in Japanese culture and find resources that work best for you. With consistency and practice, you’ll be on your way to becoming proficient in Japanese in no time!

What should I do first when learning Japanese?

Hiragana is one of the three writing systems used in Japanese, alongside katakana and kanji. It is considered the starting point for learning Japanese and is a necessary prerequisite for most beginner textbooks and resources. It is often the first thing taught in traditional Japanese classrooms.

What language should I learn before learning Japanese?

Korean is the best option for quickly learning a new language due to the similarities it shares with other languages the learner may already know. The similarities between Korean and Japanese are so significant that it is exciting and motivating to learn.

Does it take 1 year to learn Japanese?

Learning Japanese can be especially challenging for native English speakers. However, if you’re looking to be able to hold simple conversations and make friends while in Japan, mastering casual Japanese can be accomplished within a year, especially if you omit the hiragana and katakana writing systems.

How long does it take to become fluent in Japanese?

For English speakers, mastering the Japanese language is considered challenging due to its dissimilar structure compared to English. Achieving fluency requires a significant commitment of time, with an estimated 88 weeks or 2200 hours of dedicated study required.

Is 25 too old to learn Japanese?

If you are over 30 and interested in studying Japanese in Japan, you may be concerned about rumors that it is no longer possible. Fortunately, these rumors are false and it is never too late to pursue your dreams of learning the Japanese language.

Can I learn Japanese by myself?

Learning Japanese on your own is completely doable. As long as you have access to the internet and a strong motivation to learn the language, you can start your learning journey immediately.

Setting Realistic Goals

It is important to set realistic goals when learning Japanese. Determine what level of proficiency you want to achieve and set specific, measurable goals to help you get there. For example, aim to learn a certain number of new vocabulary words each week or practice speaking with a native speaker for a certain amount of time each day.

Joining a Language Community

Joining a language community can be a great way to practice your language skills and meet other learners and native speakers. Look for language exchange programs, study groups, or online communities where you can practice speaking and get feedback on your language skills.

Staying Motivated

Learning a language can be a long and sometimes frustrating process. It is important to stay motivated and remember why you started learning Japanese in the first place. Set rewards for achieving your goals, find ways to make learning fun and enjoyable, and surround yourself with supportive people who encourage you to keep going.

Continuing Education

Learning Japanese is not a one-time event; it is an ongoing process. Even after achieving your desired level of proficiency, it is important to continue practicing and expanding your skills. Look for opportunities to immerse yourself in Japanese culture, such as studying abroad or attending cultural events, and continue learning new vocabulary and grammar structures. This will help you maintain your proficiency and continue to improve over time.

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